Pilocarpine

 
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Without a Script

Pilocarpine belongs to a class of drugs known as cholinergic agonists.
Pilocarpine is prescribed to treat symptoms of dry mouth due to a certain immune disease (Sjogren's syndrome) or from saliva gland damage due to radiation treatments of the head/neck for cancer.
Pilocarpine works by stimulating certain nerves to increase the amount of saliva you produce, making it easier and more comfortable to speak and swallow.

Contraindications

Pilocarpine is contraindicated if you have any of the following conditions:
- If you are pregnant, trying for a baby or breast-feeding;
- If you are taking other medicines, including those available to buy without a prescription, herbal or complementary medicines;
- If you have a stomach ulcer;
- If you have acute iritis (inflammation of the eye);
- If you have been experiencing difficulty urinating (passing water);
- If you have ever had an allergic reaction to this or any other medicine;
- If you have mental health problems;
- If you suffer from asthma or breathing problems;
- If you suffer from gallstones;
- If you suffer from glaucoma;
- If you suffer from heart or circulation problems;
- If you suffer from liver or kidney problems;
- if you are allergic to Pilocarpine;
- if you have any other allergies;
- if you have breathing problems (asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD);
- if you have certain eye conditions (night blindness, acute iritis, narrow-angle glaucoma);
- if you have gallbladder disease (gallstones);
- if you have heart disease (chest pain, heart failure, heart attack, slow heartbeat);
- if you have kidney stones;
- if you have liver problems;
- if you have low or high blood pressure;
- if you have mental/mood disorders (depression, psychoses, thinking/understanding problems like dementia, Alzheimer's);
- if you have stomach problems (chronic heartburn, ulcer);

Interactions

Do not take Pilocarpine with any of the following drugs:
- Anticholinergics such as certain drugs for asthma;
- Antihistamines;
- Atropine;
- Belladonna alkaloids;
- Benztropine;
- Beta blockers;
- Chlorpheniramine;
- Diphenhydramine;
- Ipratropium;
- Metoprolol;
- Over-active bladder;
- Parkinson's;
- Propranolol;
- Tolterodine;

Side Effects

Pilocarpine side effects that you should report to your health care professional or doctor as soon as possible:
- Abdominal pain;
- Agitation;
- Blurred vision;
- Blurred vision;
- Chills;
- Confusion;
- Constipation;
- Diarrhea;
- Diarrhoea;
- Dizziness;
- Eye problems;
- Fainting;
- Feeling or being sick;
- Flu-like symptoms;
- Flushing;
- Frequent urge to urinate;
- Headache;
- High blood-pressure;
- Increased need to urinate (pass water);
- Indigestion;
- Itchiness;
- Itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat);
- Lung problems (such as increased wheezing/cough/phlegm);
- Mental/mood changes;
- Nausea;
- Palpitations;
- Rash;
- Runny nose;
- Severe dizziness;
- Severe stomach/abdominal pain;
- Shakiness (tremor);
- Skin rash;
- Slow/fast heartbeat;
- Sweating;
- Trouble breathing;
- Watery eyes;
- Weakness;

Overdose

Reported Pilocarpine overdose symptoms are:
- Heavy sweating;
- Severe confusion;
- Severe trouble breathing;
- Severe wheezing;
- Stomach cramps;
- Uncontrolled diarrhea;
- Very slow/fast heartbeat;
- Vomiting;
Without Prescription (2017)