Without a Prescription
Epivir is a drug with generic name of Lamivudine and Zeffix. Epivir belongs to the class of drugs called antivirals. Antiviral drugs such as Epivir are prescribed to treat infection caused by viruses.
Epivir is prescribed in the treatment of an infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B virus. It is this HIV virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). To treat AIDS, Epivir should be taken together with zidovudine (AZT) or other medication that treat HIV.
Epivir is not prescribed to cure or prevent HIV infection or AIDS. Epivir only keep HIV from reproducing and slows down the destruction of the immune system. Taking Epivir will not keep you from spreading HIV to other individuals. Even if you receive Epivir as your medicine, you may still continue to have other problems related to AIDS or HIV disease.
Epivir is not prescribed to cure or prevent Hepatitis B virus. Long-term side effects of Epivir on the infection and in the liver are not known up to this time.
Before taking Epivir, tell your doctor if you known or unknown allergies. Some components of Epivir drug may not be good to your health.
Epivir has not been tested on pregnant women yet but studies on animals have shown that Epivir can cause birth defects on the animals that were tested. Epivir crosses the placenta. Do not take Epivir without consulting first your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during the treatment period.
Epivir passes into the breast milk of nursing mothers. If your baby does not already have the AIDS virus, there is a tendency that you could pass it to your baby by means of breast-feeding. Also, taking Epivir while breast-feeding a baby may also cause serious adverse reactions to the baby. It is very important that you talk to your doctor first before you prescribed Epivir if you are to breast-feed your baby.
Epivir can cause severe side effects on children. Studies show that children will likely to develop pancreatitis, inflammation of the pancreas, and peripheral neuropathy, a problem involving the nerves. It is really important that you talk with your child's doctor first the benefits and the risks that Epivir may cause to your child.
Epivir has not been studied I older people. The side effects or problems that Epivir may cause in the elderly are not known. Be sure to talk to your doctor first if you have liver, heart problems, or other diseases. You may just have a different dose to take.
The occurrence of other medical problems may affect the use of Epivir. It is best that you first inform your doctor before taking Epivir, if you have any of the following medical conditions:
- Combine infection of hiv and hepatitis b;
- Diabetes mellitus or sugar diabetes;
- Hepatitis cor;
- Hepatitis delta;
- Human immunodeficiency virus;
- Inflamed pancreas or problems of inflamed pancreas in the past and other risk factors for developing an inflamed pancreas;
- Kidney disease;
- Liver disease and other risks factors for liver disease;
- Nerve damage;
- Organ transplant;
Take Epivir exactly as directed by your doctor. Never take for granted every single instruction given to you about taking Epivir. You may also ask your pharmacist or nurse about things that you do not understand.
Epivir drug works best when there is a constant amount in the blood. Do not miss any dose to keep the amount constant in the blood.
If you are using the oral suspension of Epivir, be sure to accurately measure the exact doses of Epivir through a dose-measuring cup or spoon to prevent overdosage. Also make sure that the bottle containing the Epivir suspension is shaken well before use to disperse and mix the contents of Epivir well. If you are diabetic, tell your doctor before you start taking Epivir. Epivir oral suspension contains sucrose.
Do not stop taking Epivir, even if you already feel better, without talking first to your doctor about these matters. Only take Epivir exactly as your doctor has prescribed specifically for you. Do not share your Epivir medication with others.
Dosage of Epivir may vary from person to person. Follow you doctor's prescription or the directions on the label of Epivir drug. The following data are only the average dosage of Epivir medicine. If you have a kidney disease, your dosage may be different.
For treatment of Hepatitis B infection, the dosage for Epivir is:
- For children younger than 16 years of age, your doctor must determine the dosage of Epivir;
- 100 mg (mg) of Epivir for adults to be taken once a;
For treatment of HIV infection or AIDS, the dosage of Epivir is:
- 150 mg (mg) of Epivir for adults weighing 50 kilograms (kg) (110 pounds) or more to be taken twice a day together with other hiv medications;
- 2 mg per kg of body weight for adults weighing less than 50 kg (110 pounds) to be taken twice a day with other hiv medications;
- 4 mg per body weight up to 150 mg per dose for children 3 months to 16 years of age to be taken twice a day together with other hiv medications;
- For children younger than 3 months of age, your doctor must determine the dosage of Epivir;
There are no data about the symptoms of Epivir overdose but if you suspect Epivir overdose and notice anything of the unusual, immediately seek emergency medical attention.
Immediately take the missed dose of Epivir medicine as soon as you remember but if it is almost time for the next dose of Epivir, skip the missed one and take the subsequent dose according to schedule. It is important to remember not to take a double dose of Epivir medicine.
Epivir may cause several unwanted effects. Though not all side effects may occur at the same time, you may need immediate medical attention if side effects of Epivir would arise. Consult your doctor as soon as possible if the following side effects of Epivir may occur.
More common side effects caused by Epivir drug (especially in children):
- Pain in the arms, hands, feet, or legs;
- Sensation or pins and needles;
- Severe abdominal or stomach pain;
- Skin rash;
- Stabbing pain;
Rare side effects caused by Epivir drug:
- Abdominal discomfort;
- Decreased appetite;
- Feeling of fullness;
- General feeling of discomfort;
- Muscle pains;
- Shortness of breath;
- Sore throat;
- Unusual tiredness;
Other side effects caused by Epivir drugs:
- Dark urine;
- Difficulty in swallowing;
- Fast heartbeat;
- Light-colored stools;
- Redness of skin;
- Tightness in chest;
- Upper right abdominal pain;
- Yellow skin and eyes;
The following are some side effects caused by Epivir drug that may not need medical attention. These side effects show that your body is adjusting to the medicine. However, check with your doctor if the following side effects are becoming bothersome to you.
More common adjustment reaction of the body to Epivir:
- Difficulty in concentrating;
- Difficulty in moving;
- Ear discharge and ear swelling;
- Feelings of emptiness or sadness;
- Feelings of illness;
- Los of interest or pleasure;
- Loss of appetite;
- Nasal congestion;
- Pain in joints;
- Stomach pains;
- Swollen and painful spots on neck, armpit, groin;
- Swollen joints;
- Trouble in sleeping;
- Unusually warm skin;
- Weight loss;
- White spots on lips or tongue or inside the mouth;
Less common adjustment reaction of the body to Epivir:
- Sour stomach;
- Stomach upset;
Other adjustment reaction of the body to Epivir:
- Blurred vision;
- Body fat accumulation;
- Dry mouth;
- Dry skin;
- Fruit-like breath odor;
- Hair loss;
- Increased hunger or thirst;
- Increased urination;
- Thinning of hair;
Epivir may be prescribed together with other drugs to improve function. In other cases, Epivir may not be advisable to take at the same time that you are taking with Zidovudine (Combivir) and Zalcitabine (Hivid). The interactions that will occur between Epivir and the said drugs is likely unpleasant.
Other Brand Names
In some countries Epivir may also be known as: